On 17 November 2015, the NSW Government passed the Conveyancing Amendment (Sunset Clauses) Act 2015 (NSW) to protect purchasers from developers unreasonably rescinding off-the-plan contracts under a sunset clause.
From 2 November 2015, a developer’s ability to rescind an off-the-plan contract due to a lot not being created under a registered plan by the relevant sunset date, is limited to the following:
Controversy was recently sparked by consumers who had made off-the-plan apartment purchases in certain projects, only to have these rescinded by developers who relied on a sunset clause to end the contracts. After refunding the deposits, the developers resold the same apartments, and because of the rising property market, were able to resell at a higher price.
A sunset clause allows the buyer or developer to lawfully rescind the contract if a particular milestone of the project, such as registration of the strata plan, is not achieved by a specified date. The intention of the sunset clause is to protect buyers and developers from unforseen delays, not caused by either party, and to allow a right to end the contract and pursue other options.
The objective of the new laws is to prevent developers from unreasonably rescinding off-the-plan contracts of residential property under a sunset clause.
The Conveyancing Amendment (Sunset Clauses) Act 2015 (NSW) inserts a new Division 10 into the Conveyancing Act 1919 (NSW) entitled “Off-the-Plan Contracts”.
Below is a summary of the new provisions.
Applies only to residential property
The new provisions only apply to “residential property” which is defined in s. 66Q of the Conveyancing Act 1919 (NSW) as:
The vendor’s right to rescind
The new provisions only allow a vendor to rescind a contract under a sunset clause in certain circumstances. The requirements and procedures are set out below:
Purchaser’s right to rescind not limited by the new laws
The new provisions do not limit any right a purchaser may have to rescind an off-the-plan contract under a sunset clause.
Commencement of new provisions
The new laws have retrospective application. It applies to all purported rescissions on and from 2 November 2015 (the date on which the Minister for Innovation and Better Regulation announced that the legislation would be brought before Parliament). Therefore, these new laws will apply to all current off-the-plan contracts that have not yet been completed.
The impact of the new consumer protect legislation on developers
This additional layer of legislative consumer protection might be regarded as excessively focusing on protecting buyers without having due regard to the difficulties developers may face in financing and completing developments in a regulatory environment which significantly shifts the risk profile in the buyers’ favour.
The purchase / sale of off- the- plan apartments carries risk for both the buyer and the developer. Both parties need to understand the risks, and developers should ensure that the sunset date is set with sufficient time to enable them to deliver the project on time.
This article is current as at 21 December, 2015.
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